ET Bureau, 12 Sep 2013
KOLKATA: The National Housing Bank has capped lending rates for specialist mortgage lenders such as LIC Housing Finance which seek refinance from it.
The move comes when interest rates are climbing and the government may have pushed it with an eye on elections as in the case of the Food Bill and accelerated direct cash transfers.
The housing finance regulator has capped lending rates at 10.75% on home loans for the economically weaker sections. This cap is applicable to specialised housing finance companies, while banks will lend at base rate to the targeted segment.
Borrowers with a household income of less than Rs 4 lakh will get the benefit of interest rate ceiling under the government’s dedicated urban and rural housing schemes. NHB said it will provide refinance at a subsidised 8.25-8.75% rate to lenders, so that they earn 200-250-bps interest spread.
Normally, NHB provides refinance at 9.8-10% rate of interest. “The idea behind the interest rate ceiling is to pass on the benefit of concessional funding to ultimate borrowers,” NHB chairman and managing director RV Verma told ET. He said the ceiling was finalised after taking inputs from the government and the Reserve Bank of India.
“Lenders will get good enough spread to give the scheme a fair trial,” Verma said. NHB will send a note to all lenders about this cap later this week. However, lenders will be free to charge any rate if they don’t take refinance from NHB.
“The spread is not enough, taking into account the risk factor attached in funding to economically weaker section,” said DHFL Vysya Housing Finance managing director R Nambirajan. “We will make a request to NHB to increase the spread to at least 3% to cover higher risks,” he said. SBI too may not gain from this move.
With the high competition between banks it has become so easy to raise a home loan for purchase of property in a week days of time with the best and least home loan interest rates, but the actual challenge lays post disbursement of the loan. There are people who sold their property or left them to bank due to failure of EMI payments. These are some cases where people are suffering for not knowing how to manage the loan post home loan disbursement.
The process of securing your home loan starts from the day 1 when you start the home loan process. Every customer is advised to take photo copies of all documents submitted to bank and keep it for future references and cross check the home loan rates with other banks before applying. Most of the customers sign the home loan applications and agreements when they are blank which is not at all suggestible, will you sign a blank cheque without writing anything and give it to somebody then why you are ok to sign the home loan agreement without filling it, ask the bank officials to fill the agreement and then sign it.
All the customers will sign two copies of home loan agreements one of which will be received by customer post home loan disbursement. The agreement will have all the details of your loan and their terms i.e loan amount, interest rate, repayment period, EMI, Processing fee paid, list of documents deposited etc. one should retain this copy of agreement till the loan completion. The agreement will have a copy of General Power of Attorney which should be read before signing if any clause is objectionable to you then you can ask bank for a clarification.
Along with these one should make more down payment towards the property and raise lesser loan amount which will ease the process of making EMI payments and gives us the scope of saving to pre close the loan. On a blink calculation any customers who go for a home loan will pay 125% of the loan amount as interest to the bank. So opting for lesser loan amount will save money and will secure the loan. It is always advisable to the customer to opt for Home Loan Linked Life Insurance which covers the loan amount in case of death of the applicant and waves the remaining EMI’s by releasing the property from the bank. Banks fund for these insurances along with home loan and it is a onetime premium which will secure both the home loan and applicant’s loan burden.